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15.05.2018 | Original Article | Ausgabe 3/2019

The Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of India 3/2019

Relationship of Decubitus Ulcer on Cervix in Pelvic Organ Prolapse with POP-Q Staging

Zeitschrift:
The Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of India > Ausgabe 3/2019
Autoren:
Hemant G. Deshpande, Chandrakant S. Madkar, Saily R. Kiwalkar
Wichtige Hinweise
Dr. Hemant G. Deshpande, MD, OBGY, is an HOD OBGY Department, at the Dr. D. Y. Patil Medical College and Research Centre, Pimpri, Pune, Maharashtra, India; Dr. Chandrakant S. Madkar, MD, DGO, OBGY, is an Professor OBGY Department, at the Dr. D. Y. Patil Medical College and Research Centre, Pimpri, Pune, Maharashtra, India; Dr. Saily R. Kiwalkar, is a Junior Resident, at the Dr. D. Y. Patil Medical College and Research Centre, Pimpri, Pune, Maharashtra, India.

Abstract

Aim

Utero vaginal prolapse is a very common complaint of patients in the OPD. It’s an entity that existed since a very long time and hence many classifications were proposed; however, only one system was found to be a validated system for determining the degree of prolapse—POP-Q system.

Objective

To determine the relationship of decubitus ulcer with POP-Q staging.

Materials and Methods

A prospective study of 100 patients with complaints of prolapse (something coming out of vagina) was considered. The patients were staged in accordance with POP-Q system. The number of patients with decubitus ulcer were noted. The area of each decubitus ulcer was also noted, by measuring the radius. Statistical tests were applied to find out if the relationship of the presence of and the area of decubitus ulcer with stage of prolapse was significant.

Results

It was found that as the stage of prolapse increased, the number of patients with decubitus ulcer also increased. Also, as the Point C measurement increased, the area (small/medium/large size) of the decubitus ulcer also increased.

Conclusion

There is a definite correlation between the presence of decubitus ulcer along with its area and the POP-Q component. The study also indicated that POP-Q staging is the only method of classification available that allows accurate and standardized measurements, foregoing pitfalls of all previous classifications.

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