Skip to main content
main-content

01.12.2017 | Research Article | Ausgabe 1/2017 Open Access

Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health 1/2017

Serious juvenile offenders: classification into subgroups based on static and dynamic charateristics

Zeitschrift:
Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health > Ausgabe 1/2017
Autoren:
Sanne L. Hillege, Eddy F. J. M. Brand, Eva A. Mulder, Robert R. J. M. Vermeiren, Lieke van Domburgh
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1186/​s13034-017-0201-4) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Background

The population in juvenile justice institutions is heterogeneous, as juveniles display a large variety of individual, psychological and social problems. This variety of risk factors and personal characteristics complicates treatment planning. Insight into subgroups and specific profiles of problems in serious juvenile offenders is helpful in identifying important treatment indicators for each subgroup of serious juvenile offenders.

Methods

To identify subgroups with combined offender characteristics, cluster-analyses were performed on data of 2010 adolescents from all juvenile justice institutions in the Netherlands. The study included a wide spectrum of static and dynamic offender characteristics and was a replication of a previous study, in order to replicate and validate the identified subgroups. To identify the subgroups that are most useful in clinical practice, different numbers of subgroup-solutions were presented to clinicians.

Results

Combining both good statistical fit and clinical relevance resulted in seven subgroups. Most subgroups resemble the subgroups found in the previous study and one extra subgroups was identified. Subgroups were named after their own identifying characteristics: (1) sexual problems, (2) antisocial identity and mental health problems, (3) lack of empathy and conscience, (4) flat profile, (5) family problems, (6) substance use problems, and (7) sexual, cognitive and social problems.

Conclusions

Subgroups of offenders as identified seem rather stable. Therefore risk factor scores can help to identify characteristics of serious juvenile offenders, which can be used in clinical practice to adjust treatment to the specific risk and needs of each subgroup.
Zusatzmaterial
Additional file 1. Results of the PAF analyses with items from JFP-list per factor and their loadings from 2017 and 2010.
Additional file 2. Division of female, younger and older serious juvenile offenders over the total sample (N = 2010).
Additional file 3. Mean factor scores per cluster solution (range 0–2) on the factors in 2010.
Additional file 4. Mean scores on factor items per subgroups (range 0–2) and the differences between subgroups in 2017.
Additional file 5. Item functioning of the seven subgroups on the factor Antisocial behavior. Item functioning of the seven subgroups on the factor Sexual problems. Item functioning of the seven subgroups on the factor Family background. Item functioning of the seven subgroups on the factor Mental health problems. Item functioning of the seven subgroups on the factor Substance use. Item functioning of the seven subgroups on the factor Conscience and empathy. Item functioning of the seven subgroups on the factor Cognitive and social skills. Item functioning of the seven subgroups on the factor Social network. Item functioning of the seven subgroups on the factor Offenses.
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 1/2017

Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health 1/2017 Zur Ausgabe

Neu im Fachgebiet Psychiatrie

Meistgelesene Bücher aus dem Fachgebiet

2017 | Buch

Pocket Guide Psychopharmaka von A bis Z

Im Pocket Guide finden Sie von A bis Z schnell und übersichtlich die "Erste-Hilfe"-Information rund um alle Psychopharmaka, die Sie auf Station und im Praxisalltag brauchen. Das Pocket-Buch passt bestens in die Kitteltasche. Auf eine ausführliche Darstellung der Störungen wurde bewusst verzichtet.

Autoren:
Prof. Dr. med. Otto Benkert, Prof. Dr. med. I.-G. Anghelescu, Prof. Dr. med. G. Gründer, Prof. Dr. med. P. Heiser, Prof. Dr. rer. Nat. C. Hiemke, Prof. Dr. med. H. Himmerich, Prof. Dr. med. F. Kiefer, Prof. Dr. med. C. Lange-Asschenfeldt, Prof. Dr. med., Dr. rer. nat., Dipl.-Psych. M.J. Müller, Dr. med., Dipl.-Kfm. M. Paulzen, Dr. med. F. Regen, Prof. Dr. med. A. Steiger, Prof. Dr. med. F. Weber

2016 | Buch

Klinikmanual Psychiatrie, Psychosomatik und Psychotherapie

Dieses Kitteltaschenbuch enthält übersichtlich und systematisch alle notwendigen Informationen zum schnellen Nachschlagen auf Station, in der Ambulanz oder im Konsildienst: Klare Handlungsanweisungen, Therapieempfehlungen und die notwendigen rechtlichen Hintergründe.

Herausgeber:
Prof. Dr. Dr. Frank Schneider