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10.02.2020 | Original Research Open Access

Time delay of the qCON monitor and its performance during state transitions

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
Autoren:
Robert Zanner, Gerhard Schneider, Adrian Meyer, Eberhard Kochs, Matthias Kreuzer
Wichtige Hinweise
This article contains work performed by Adrian Meyer in fulfillment of his doctoral thesis at Witten/Herdecke University.

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Abstract

We investigated the performance of the qCON index regarding its time delay for sudden changes in the anesthetic level as well as to separate responsiveness from unresponsiveness during loss and return of responsiveness (LOR and ROR). For evaluation of the time delay, we replayed relevant EEG episodes to the qCON to simulate sudden changes between the states (i) awake/sedation, (ii) adequate anesthesia, or (iii) suppression. We also replayed EEG from 40 patients during LOR and ROR to evaluate the qCON’s ability to separate responsiveness from unresponsiveness. The time delays depended on the type of transition. The delays for the important transition between awake/sedation and adequate anesthesia were 21(5) s from awake/sedation to adequate anesthesia and 26(5) s in the other direction. The performance of the qCON to separate responsiveness from unresponsiveness depended on signal quality, the investigation window, i.e. ± 30 s or ± 60 s around LOR/ROR, and the specific transition being tested. AUC was 0.63–0.90 for LOR and 0.61–0.79 for ROR. Time delay and performance during state transitions of the qCON were similar to other monitoring systems such as bispectral index. The better performance of qCON during LOR than ROR probably reflects the sudden change in EEG activity during LOR and the more heterogeneous EEG during ROR.

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