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01.08.2011 | Research | Ausgabe 4/2011 Open Access

Critical Care 4/2011

C-reactive protein, an early marker of community-acquired sepsis resolution: a multi-center prospective observational study

Zeitschrift:
Critical Care > Ausgabe 4/2011
Autoren:
Pedro Póvoa, Armando M Teixeira-Pinto, António H Carneiro, the Portuguese Community-Acquired Sepsis Study Group (SACiUCI)
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1186/​cc10313) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Competing interests

PP has received honoraria and served as advisor of Astra Zeneca, Ely-Lilly, Gilead, Janssen-Cilag, Merck Sharp & Dohme, Novartis and Pfizer and received unrestricted research grants from Brahms and Virogates. AMT-P has no competing interests to declare. AHC has no competing interests to declare.

Authors' contributions

PP contributed to the study conception and design, carried out and participated in data analysis and drafted the manuscript. AMT-P carried out and supervised data analysis and drafted the manuscript. AHC conceived the study, participated in its design and coordination, participated in data analysis and helped to draft the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

Abstract

Introduction

C-reactive protein (CRP) has been shown to be a valuable marker in the diagnosis of infection and in monitoring its response to antibiotics. Our objective was to evaluate serial CRP measurements after prescription of antibiotics to describe the clinical course of Community-Acquired Sepsis admitted to intensive care units (ICU).

Methods

During a 12-month period a multi-center, prospective, observational study was conducted, segregating adults with Community-Acquired Sepsis. Patients were followed-up during the first five ICU days, day of ICU discharge or death and hospital outcome. CRP-ratio was calculated in relation to Day 1 CRP concentration. Patients were classified according to the pattern of CRP-ratio response to antibiotics: fast response if Day 5 CRP-ratio was < 0.4, slow response if Day 5 CRP-ratio was between 0.4 and 0.8, and no response if Day 5 CRP-ratio was > 0.8. Comparison between survivors and non-survivors was performed.

Results

A total of 891 patients (age 60 ± 17 yrs, hospital mortality 38%) were studied. There were no significant differences between the CRP of survivors and non-survivors until Day 2 of antibiotic therapy. On the following three days, CRP of survivors was significantly lower (P < 0.001). After adjusting for the Simplified Acute Physiology Score II and severity of sepsis, the CRP course was significantly associated with mortality (ORCRP-ratio = 1.03, confidence interval 95%= (1.02, 1.04), P < 0.001). The hospital mortality of patients with fast response, slow response and no response patterns was 23%, 30% and 41%, respectively (P = 0.001). No responders had a significant increase on the odds of death (OR = 2.5, CI95% = (1.6, 4.0), P < 0.001) when compared with fast responders.

Conclusions

Daily CRP measurements after antibiotic prescription were useful as early as Day 3 in identification of Community-Acquired Sepsis patients with poor outcome. The rate of CRP decline during the first five ICU days was markedly associated with prognosis. The identification of the pattern of CRP-ratio response was useful in the recognition of the individual clinical course.
Zusatzmaterial
Additional file 1: List of participating institutions. (DOC 28 KB)
13054_2011_9577_MOESM1_ESM.DOC
Authors’ original file for figure 1
13054_2011_9577_MOESM2_ESM.pdf
Authors’ original file for figure 2
13054_2011_9577_MOESM3_ESM.pdf
Authors’ original file for figure 3
13054_2011_9577_MOESM4_ESM.pdf
Authors’ original file for figure 4
13054_2011_9577_MOESM5_ESM.pdf
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